October 21, 2020

Hapkido vs Aikido: Which one’s Superior?

Hapkido and Aikido share some similarities, but it’s much more than just the different nationalities when it comes to differences.

So what is it?

Hapkido includes both the soft and hard aspects of the martial art form. It employs a variety of kicking and fighting techniques to flush the opponent. While on the other hand, Aikido mostly uses soft techniques and avoids striking first. Both use a wide range of weapons, but the number is slightly more for Hapkido.

The best part is knowing how to utilize this technique in a real-life situation, and you can learn this by researching thoroughly about the two.

Don’t worry, grab some Cheetos, and start reading!

Hapkido and Aikido share some similarities, but it’s much more than just the different nationalities when it comes to differences.

So what is it?

Hapkido includes both the soft and hard aspects of the martial art form. It employs a variety of kicking and fighting techniques to flush the opponent. While on the other hand, Aikido mostly uses soft techniques and avoids striking first. Both use a wide range of weapons, but the number is slightly more for Hapkido.

The best part is knowing how to utilize this technique in a real-life situation, and you can learn this by researching thoroughly about the two.

Don’t worry, grab some Cheetos, and start reading!

Tracing the History

Birth

The traces of the actual birth of Hapkido remains covered in a huge blanket of history.  It is much more theories and legends than facts. However, Choi Yong-Sool, a Korean martial art enthusiast, deserves all the appreciation for his efforts in the emergence in the martial art that we learn today, i.e., the modern day Hapkido. 

Aikido is deeply rooted in the styles of jujitsu especially daitoryu-(aiki)jujitsu. Aikido is a Japanese martial art which probably originated and finds its roots in the 14th century although many people believe for a fact that it was developed by the founder, Master Ueshiba in the early 19th century.

Journey

Initially, Choi, the founder of Hapkido, taught this art form only to his students. With the progression of time, the art expanded in the Korean peninsula. It expanded at an incredible pace upon the nature of the offence. Throughout its journey to modern day, Hapkido underwent numerous changes and evolved as a great form of martial arts.

After the bombing of Japan in the world war, Aikido became hugely popular among the masses. This attention was instrumental in setting up a non-profit organization as work Aikido center. Aikido entered its golden age and started exampding and reaching people worldwide from that time onwards.

Philosophy

The first and the foremost thing when it comes to Aikido is that it is not considered as just for practise, rather a complete lifestyle in itself. The philosophy of Aikido is centered around self, spiritual strength, peace and harmony. The aim is to avoid violence by taking control of the situation.

Hapkido and its training means a lot in terms of confidence, spiritual growth and excellence in character. The idea is to achieve physical and mental fitness and well-being. Followed with a strict physical training regime, the moral values of Hapkido includes practising perseverance and self-control. The aim is to remain modest at all times.

two fighters in kimonos practicing hapkido

What is the difference between Hapkido and Aikido?

While both the martial arts technique has been derived from Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu, they are different. Let’s look at some of these points of differences.

Foundation of Martial Styles

The main difference between the two is their foundations. While Hapkido is a Korean established art form, Aikido is the Japanese founded martial art form.

Prioritizing Techniques

Based out of military usage, Aikido is the art form mostly for the defensive style. It is a bit milder type of martial art form. At the same time, keeping in mind both defensive as well as offensive techniques in mind, the initiation of Hapkido took place. This was one of the more aggressive styles of fighting. Hapkido is also more inclined towards weapon usage.

Timeline of Origin 

Aikido is a more traditional form to originate in Japan even before Hapikido originated in Korea. Hapkido is a Korean adaptation of Aikido with some fighting additions in style.

Varietal Technique and Safety

Hapkido has a great variety of fighting techniques involved in it but it is still considered dangerous. Its manoeuvres and leg postures can lead to some dangerous falls. On the other hand, Aikido has a much safer style of implementation and its manoeuvres are safe.

Technique Formula

Hopkido is a combination of Aikido and some varietal leg manoeuvres. Hapkido includes kicks, leg strikes, leg trapping mostly which is not found in Aikido.

Hence, the formula is Hapkido = Aikido + Leg Maneuvers.

Fighting Circular Motions

Aikido in style uses long and big circular motions and patterns. This style ensures that through this motion the situation can be better controlled and we can avoid damage. Its special technique focusses on personal balance and throwing off the balance of opponents. Hapkido, on the other hand, has small circular patterns of motion and can easily cause damage to either. Every strike with rotation is precision-based and often deadly. 

Religious Undertones

Aikido is full of religious overtones. Aikido involved a lot of spiritual talks and lessons to understand the depth of its undertaking. Hapkido, on the other hand, is purely fighting and rigorous combating. No sense of belief and entirely left-out part of self-spirituality. 

It is quite clear how much the two styles differ from one another. You must be thinking about where would each have its effectiveness. Which style to prefer over which and what is the right place to use which one.

Which is more effective, Hapkido or Aikido?

Both the styles are equally effective when it comes to learning and mastering the martial arts. It is necessary to note that every style has its own effectiveness and special places for utilization. So, how to decide where to use which and when to use it. Let’s have a look.

Hapkido is more damaging in terms of full fighting stances, motions, and attacks. Being highly offensive it’s sure to cause extensive harm to opponents once struck unfettered. It involves a wide range of tactics like standing locks, throwing, striking, pinning and so on. It even involves ground grappling that leads not to holding out but to finishing downed opponents. It also involves tactics for a series of footwork that is capable of incapacitation. 

All this leads to an inference that Hapkido is definitely a brutal art form. It is very effective in harsh professional sports and fights where rules are negligible. Basically, this is best for pro wrestling, MMA and street-fighting. 

Aikido involves proper mental and physical aspects of training. In the physical training, it covered physical fitness, conditioning and many other specific techniques.  This art form consists of a lot of throws and the physical strength needed for it. At the same time, it is crucial to understand how to safely get out of the throw by rolling. All this has made it safer to implement and can be effectively utilized in any tournament and professional fight. 

When you think about the most effective out of the two, we can find that Hapkido is a more naturally adapted style. This is because of its practicality in training as fights are deadly and cannot be peaceful. This is the reason Aikido has been looked down on and criticized. Not everyone can understand the underlying principle behind the training and hence makes Hapkido highly preferable.

So, choose a style wisely and be safe!

More Comparisons

Eugene Hardy

Eugene is a professional Muay Thai fighter, with several years of experience. Also, a black belt holder. He actively participates in tournaments and provides training to his students. Eugene started this blog to share his experiences with Martial Arts.

View all posts by Eugene Hardy →

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *